Mae Jemison

Astronaut

20th Century

United States

Born on October 17, 1956 in Decatur, Alabama, and raised in Chicago, Illinois, Mae Jemison is a physician and astronaut. On September 12, 1992, she became the first African American woman in space while aboard the Endeavour. Jemison holds a B.A. in Chemical Engineering from Stanford University, and a Doctorates in Medicine from Cornell University. Jemison served as a medical officer for the Peace Corps from 1983-1985, and was accepted into NASA in 1987. She retired from NASA in 1993, and went on to form the technology company The Jemison Group. In addition to her scientific acheivements, Jemison is an accomplished dancer, with experience in a variety of forms including ballet, modern jazz and African dance.